Plantar Fascitis


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Plantar Fascitis

About the treatment

Plantar Fascitis

What is plantar fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, connecting the heel bone to the toes. This condition causes pain in the heel or along the arch of the foot and is a common cause of heel pain.

What causes plantar fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis often develops due to a combination of factors contributing to stress and irritation of the plantar fascia, leading to inflammation and pain. Some common causes and contributing factors include:

  1. Overuse or Repetitive Strain: Activities that involve repetitive stress on the feet, such as running, jumping, or prolonged standing on hard surfaces, can strain the plantar fascia over time.
  2. Biomechanical Factors: Abnormal foot mechanics, such as high arches, flat feet, or abnormal gait patterns, can place excessive stress on the plantar fascia, making it more susceptible to injury.
  3. Improper Footwear: Wearing shoes with inadequate support, insufficient cushioning, or improper arch support can contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis.
  4. Tightness or Weakness in Muscles: Tightness in the calf muscles or weakness in the muscles that support the foot and ankle can alter biomechanics and increase stress on the plantar fascia.
  5. Age and Weight: Plantar fasciitis is more common in middle-aged individuals and those who are overweight or obese, as excess weight can place additional strain on the feet.
  6. Sudden Changes in Activity Level: Abruptly increasing activity intensity or duration, such as starting a new exercise regimen or suddenly increasing running distance, can strain the plantar fascia.
  7. Occupational Factors: Jobs or activities that involve prolonged standing, walking on hard surfaces, or wearing non-supportive footwear can contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis.

How do I know I have plantar fasciitis? 

You might suspect plantar fasciitis if you experience the following signs and symptoms:

  1. Heel Pain: Typically, the most noticeable symptom is sharp or stabbing pain in the bottom of the heel. This pain can be particularly intense with the first steps in the morning or after periods of rest. It might also be exacerbated after long periods of standing or activity.
  2. Arch Pain: Some individuals with plantar fasciitis might experience pain along the arch of the foot, extending from the heel to the ball of the foot.
  3. Stiffness: You might notice stiffness and discomfort in the affected foot, especially after prolonged periods of rest or inactivity.
  4. Tenderness: The area where the plantar fascia attaches to the heel bone might feel tender to the touch.
  5. Increased Pain with Activity: Pain typically worsens during activities that involve standing, walking, or running, especially on hard surfaces.

How It can be treated? 

Treatment for plantar fasciitis aims to alleviate pain, reduce inflammation, and improve foot function. Here are common approaches used in managing plantar fasciitis:

  1. Rest and Activity Modification: Avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms and allowing adequate rest for the foot can help reduce irritation and inflammation of the plantar fascia.
  2. Icing: Applying ice to the affected area can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain. It's typically recommended to apply ice for about 15-20 minutes several times a day.
  3. Stretching Exercises: Specific stretching exercises for the calf muscles, Achilles tendon, and the plantar fascia itself can help improve flexibility and reduce tension in the foot. These exercises can be recommended by a healthcare professional.
  4. Orthotic Devices: Customized or over-the-counter arch supports, shoe inserts, or night splints can provide support, improve foot mechanics, and reduce strain on the plantar fascia.
  5. Footwear Modification: Wearing shoes with proper arch support, cushioning, and adequate shock absorption can help alleviate symptoms. Avoiding unsupportive footwear or high heels is recommended.
  6. Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can provide guidance on exercises, stretches, and techniques to improve foot strength, flexibility, and gait mechanics.
  7. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help reduce pain and inflammation.
  8. Corticosteroid Injections: In some cases, corticosteroid injections may be used to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain, particularly for more severe symptoms that don't respond to conservative treatments.
  9. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT): This non-invasive treatment uses shock waves to stimulate healing in the affected area and may be recommended in cases of chronic plantar fasciitis.
  10. Surgery: In rare cases where conservative treatments fail to provide relief, surgery (plantar fascia release) may be considered to partially detach or release the plantar fascia from the heel bone to alleviate tension and reduce pain.

Treatment for plantar fasciitis is often personalized based on the severity of symptoms, individual factors, and response to conservative measures. Consulting with our podiatry  specialist, we can help determine the most suitable treatment approach tailored to your specific needs. Early intervention and adherence to a comprehensive treatment plan are essential for effectively managing plantar fasciitis and reducing discomfort.



Plantar Fascitis

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Plantar Fascitis

Patient succes stories

Review 3

Joanne K.

Dr. Salvatore Gaudino is a miracle worker.  I had problems walking for more than five years, NOT any more.  I went to countless Specialists… One of the luckiest days of my life is when I made an appointment with him!  He is truly amazing.  The great office staff is welcoming.  What a great experience.  Thank you ALL!

Review 2

Jessica D.

Dr. Gaudino examined my son and explained to me exactly what he needed to correct his “turned feet”, as well as showing me some exercises to relieve the tension in his feet. He was so nice and caring towards my son, and really made him feel at ease. I would definitely recommend this practice to my friends and family!