We specialize in helping patients with bunions and making their feet look great


About the treatment


What are bunions?

Bunions are a common foot condition characterized by a bony bump that forms at the base of the big toe. The medical term for this condition is hallux valgus. Bunions develop when the big toe leans toward the second toe, causing the joint at the base of the big toe to become enlarged and protrude.

How to know I have a bunion?

You can identify a bunion through a few common signs and symptoms. Look out for:

  1. Visible Bump: Check the base of your big toe for a protruding bump on the inner side of the foot.
  2. Toe Alignment: Notice if your big toe is deviating towards your other toes, particularly if it's angling towards or overlapping the second toe.
  3. Pain or Discomfort: Experience any pain or discomfort around the joint of your big toe, especially when wearing shoes or during movement.
  4. Swelling or Redness: Check for any swelling, redness, or inflammation around the base of the big toe.
  5. Difficulty Wearing Shoes: If your shoes feel tight or cause discomfort specifically around the area where the bunion is located, it might indicate the presence of a bunion.

What causes bunions?

Bunions can develop due to various factors, and they often result from a combination of genetic predisposition and external influences. Common causes include:

  1. Genetics: Inherited foot structure or shape can increase the likelihood of developing bunions. If bunions run in your family, you might be more prone to developing them.
  2. Improper Foot Mechanics: Certain foot mechanics or structural issues can contribute to the development of bunions. For instance, conditions like flat feet or low arches can lead to instability in the foot, causing pressure on the joint at the base of the big toe.
  3. Footwear: Wearing shoes that are too tight, narrow, or have high heels can force the toes into unnatural positions, crowding them together. Prolonged use of such footwear can increase the risk of developing bunions.
  4. Foot Stress or Injury: Certain activities or conditions that put undue stress on the feet, like arthritis, foot injuries, or occupations that require prolonged standing or walking, can contribute to the development of bunions.
  5. Medical Conditions: Some medical conditions, such as inflammatory joint diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, can increase the risk of bunions due to joint inflammation and structural changes in the feet.

How are bunions treated?

Treatment for bunions aims to alleviate pain, reduce discomfort, and prevent the progression of the bunion. Here are some common approaches used in treating bunions:

  1. Footwear Changes: Wearing shoes with a wider toe box and ample space for the toes can reduce pressure on the bunion, alleviate discomfort, and prevent further irritation. Avoiding high heels or shoes that crowd the toes is beneficial.
  2. Orthotic Devices: Custom-made or over-the-counter shoe inserts or orthotic devices can help redistribute pressure on the foot, improve foot mechanics, and provide support, reducing symptoms associated with bunions.
  3. Padding or Taping: Padding or taping the bunion can help cushion the area and reduce friction, providing some relief from pain and discomfort.
  4. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers like acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be used to manage pain and inflammation associated with bunions.
  5. Ice Packs: Applying ice packs to the bunion can help reduce swelling and alleviate pain.
  6. Physical Therapy: Specific exercises and stretches prescribed by a podiatrist or physical therapist can help improve foot strength, flexibility, and joint mobility, potentially reducing discomfort.
  7. Bunion Splints or Braces: These devices can help realign the toe and slow the progression of the bunion, especially in milder cases.
  8. Injections: In some cases, corticosteroid injections may be used to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain associated with bunions.
  9. Surgery: When conservative measures fail to provide relief or in severe cases causing significant pain and limitation, surgery (bunionectomy) may be considered to realign the bone, correct the deformity, and relieve symptoms.

The treatment approach for bunions varies based on the severity of the condition and the level of discomfort experienced. Podiatrists or healthcare professionals can provide guidance on the most suitable treatment options tailored to individual needs and the specific characteristics of the bunion.

If you observe these signs or symptoms, especially the presence of a bony bump at the base of your big toe, it's advisable to consult our podiatrist professionals for a proper diagnosis. We can confirm whether it's a bunion or another foot condition and recommend appropriate measures to manage the symptoms or prevent further progression. Early intervention can help alleviate discomfort and prevent potential complications associated with bunions.




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Patient succes stories

Review 3

Joanne K.

Dr. Salvatore Gaudino is a miracle worker.  I had problems walking for more than five years, NOT any more.  I went to countless Specialists… One of the luckiest days of my life is when I made an appointment with him!  He is truly amazing.  The great office staff is welcoming.  What a great experience.  Thank you ALL!

Review 2

Jessica D.

Dr. Gaudino examined my son and explained to me exactly what he needed to correct his “turned feet”, as well as showing me some exercises to relieve the tension in his feet. He was so nice and caring towards my son, and really made him feel at ease. I would definitely recommend this practice to my friends and family!