Ankle & Foot Trauma


We specialize in helping patients with foot & ankle trauma and making their feet look great

Ankle & Foot Trauma

About the treatment

Ankle & Foot Trauma

What is foot & ankle trauma?

Foot and ankle trauma refer to injuries affecting the structures of the foot and ankle, typically caused by sudden force, impact, or accidents. These injuries can involve bones, ligaments, tendons, muscles, and other tissues in the foot and ankle region. Trauma can occur due to various reasons, such as falls, twists, direct blows, sports injuries, or vehicular accidents.

Common types of foot and ankle trauma include fractures (broken bones), sprains (ligament injuries), strains (muscle or tendon injuries), dislocations (displacement of bones from their normal positions), and soft tissue injuries. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, bruising, instability, difficulty bearing weight, and sometimes visible deformities.

The severity of foot and ankle trauma varies widely, ranging from minor sprains to complex fractures requiring surgical intervention. Proper diagnosis and treatment by a healthcare professional, often a podiatrist or orthopedic specialist, are crucial to ensure optimal recovery and restoration of function. Treatment may involve immobilization, physical therapy, medication, and in severe cases, surgery.

How to know that you have foot and ankle trauma?

Recognizing foot and ankle trauma involves paying attention to specific signs and symptoms that may indicate an injury in that area. Here are some common indicators:

  1. Pain: Sudden or persistent pain in the foot or ankle, especially after an injury or accident, could signal trauma. The pain might be sharp, throbbing, or dull.
  2. Swelling: Noticeable swelling around the foot or ankle, often accompanied by warmth and redness, might suggest tissue damage or inflammation due to trauma.
  3. Bruising: Visible bruising or discoloration on the skin could indicate bleeding beneath the skin due to injury.
  4. Difficulty bearing weight: If you have trouble putting weight on the affected foot or ankle, it could be due to trauma. This difficulty might be severe or mild, depending on the extent of the injury.
  5. Deformity or instability: In severe cases, there might be a visible deformity or the feeling that the foot or ankle is unstable or out of place.
  6. Limited range of motion: Injuries can restrict the normal movement of the foot or ankle, causing stiffness or limited motion.
  7. Tenderness to touch: Sensitivity or tenderness when touching the injured area might indicate trauma.

What causes foot & ankle trauma?

Foot and ankle trauma can result from various causes, including:

  1. Sports Injuries: High-impact sports or activities that involve sudden movements, twisting, or collisions can lead to foot and ankle trauma. This includes activities like basketball, soccer, football, and gymnastics.
  2. Accidents and Falls: Trips, slips, and falls can cause trauma to the foot and ankle, especially if the foot twists or lands forcefully.
  3. Twisting or Rolling: Awkward twists or rolls of the ankle, commonly known as "twisted ankles," can cause ligament sprains or even fractures.
  4. Overuse or Repetitive Stress: Continuous stress on the feet and ankles due to activities like running, dancing, or jobs that involve prolonged standing can lead to overuse injuries like stress fractures or tendonitis.
  5. Direct Impact: Direct blows or trauma to the foot or ankle, such as from a heavy object falling on the foot or a collision during sports, can cause fractures, contusions, or other injuries.
  6. Improper Footwear: Ill-fitting shoes or footwear without proper support can contribute to foot and ankle trauma by causing strain, blisters, or even structural issues over time.
  7. Motor Vehicle Accidents: Trauma to the foot and ankle can occur during car accidents, particularly when the feet are braced against the pedals or upon impact.
  8. Workplace Injuries: Certain occupations involving heavy machinery, construction work, or tasks requiring frequent lifting can increase the risk of foot and ankle trauma due to workplace accidents.

How is foot and ankle trauma treated?

Treatment for foot and ankle trauma depends on the severity and specific nature of the injury. Here's an overview of common treatment approaches:

  1. Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation (RICE): Initially, the RICE method is often recommended to manage pain and swelling. It involves resting the affected area, applying ice to reduce swelling, using compression bandages, and elevating the foot to minimize inflammation.
  2. Immobilization: Splints, braces, or casts may be used to immobilize the foot or ankle, providing stability and preventing further damage, especially in cases of fractures or severe sprains.
  3. Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen are often recommended to alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. In some cases, stronger pain medications may be prescribed.
  4. Physical Therapy: Once the initial acute phase subsides, rehabilitation through physical therapy helps restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion. Therapeutic exercises and techniques aid in the recovery process.
  5. Minimally Invasive Procedures: Some injuries, particularly certain fractures or ligament tears, might require minimally invasive procedures like arthroscopy or percutaneous fixation to repair and stabilize the affected area.
  6. Surgery: Severe fractures, dislocations, or injuries that don't respond to conservative treatments may require surgical intervention. Surgery aims to realign bones, repair damaged tissues, or reconstruct ligaments to restore proper function.
  7. Orthotics or Supportive Devices: Customized orthotic devices, shoe inserts, or supportive footwear may be prescribed to provide proper alignment and support during the healing process and to prevent future injuries.
  8. Activity Modification and Rehabilitation: Gradual return to normal activities is advised following proper healing. Modifications in activity, technique, or footwear might be recommended to prevent recurrence.

The specific treatment plan is determined by a healthcare professional, typically a podiatrist or orthopedic specialist, based on the individual's diagnosis, injury severity, and overall health. Early and appropriate treatment significantly contributes to better outcomes and reduces the risk of long-term complications or chronic issues.



Ankle & Foot Trauma

You are in good hands

Book online

To book an appointment straight away you can use our online booking form

Ankle & Foot Trauma

Patient succes stories

Review 3

Joanne K.

Dr. Salvatore Gaudino is a miracle worker.  I had problems walking for more than five years, NOT any more.  I went to countless Specialists… One of the luckiest days of my life is when I made an appointment with him!  He is truly amazing.  The great office staff is welcoming.  What a great experience.  Thank you ALL!

Review 2

Jessica D.

Dr. Gaudino examined my son and explained to me exactly what he needed to correct his “turned feet”, as well as showing me some exercises to relieve the tension in his feet. He was so nice and caring towards my son, and really made him feel at ease. I would definitely recommend this practice to my friends and family!